This is a continuation of the earlier article.
Flood as a type of Baptism
Apostle Peter said, “Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah …. THE LIKE FIGURE UNTO BAPTISM doth also now save us … (I Pet 3:20-21)”
Peter says as the old world was destroyed in flood, so our works of the flesh (filth of flesh/OLD MAN) dies in baptism. In words of Paul, “we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead….even so, we also should walk in newness of life (Rom 6:4-5).” In flood old world perished and a new world emerged, so in baptism old man perishes and new man gets resurrected in Christ.
Flood as a type of last days (prophecy of last days)
Jesus said, “But as the days of Noah were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark, And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be (Matt 24:37-40).”
Genesis 6 tells us how the days of Noah were. There are some hints for us to observe – Firstly God says, ….my Spirit shall not always strive with children of men….(Gen 6:3). This possibly means that God’s Spirit ceased striving with people. The war between flesh and Spirit ceased. The works of flesh were allowed to work in an unrestrained manner, unleashing the darkest evil. Secondly, we also observe the fact mentioned in next verse – that the average life of people was reduced to 120 years [from 800 to 900 years mentioned in genealogy mentioned in Gen 5] (Gen 6:4). So we can conclude that conditions in days of Noah were as following;
- Spirit of God possibly stopped striving with earthly men (Gen.6.3).
- Numbers of sinful men were more compared to “Noah and his family” – very few righteous men were alive. Probably Cain’s evil line had flourished more. We are not given any age and timeline of Cain’s progeny (see Gen 4:17-24). Good men (possibly sons of God – if by sons of God it means godly generation from Seth), were removed possibly through death; by reduction in average expectancy of life mentioned in Gen 6:4 (see Isaiah 57:1,3, 2 Peter 2;9, Gen 5:21[name Methuselah means when he is removed flood of wrath will come], Micah 7:2, 2 Kings 22:17,20, Rev 14:12-13, 2 Co 5:8, Matt 5:13, Acts 14:22, Luke 17:33, I Peter 4:17, Matt 24:22). None of the father or forefather of the godly line mentioned in Genesis 5 (of Seth) was alive when the flood came. (See the graph below).
Jesus also said that days of Lot were similar to days of Noah; and by this, it was said that similar conditions will be present in very last days (Luke 17:26, 28). Except for the righteous Lot, none of the righteous men was alive in days of Lot (see Gen 18:32 – there were not even 10 righteous men). All men who were alive were evil! Earth was ripe for God’s fury and wrath. Let us compare the three events.
|Days of Noah||Days of Sodom and Gomorrah||Last Days|
|*Whole earth became corrupt, except 8 people (perfect Noah and his family).|
*Spirit of God no longer strove or opposed evil (Gen 6:3)
|*There remained not even 10 righteous people (Gen 18:32).||*Except there come falling away first (2 Thess 2:3)|
*He that restraineth will stop restraining (2 Thessalonians 2:7).
Noah offers sacrifice – Old and New Covenant showcased
A covenant was made with Adam, which he failed to keep (see Hosea 6:7). It was based on works. As long as he refrained from eating the fruit of forbidden fruit, he could enjoy the Garden of Eden and dominion over creation. As soon as he felt he was expelled from Garden.
Gradually earth was taken from mankind by washing it in flood of the wrath of God. However when Noah offered a sweet-smelling sacrifice unto God – which was a type of the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross, – God made a covenant with Noah (Gen 9:9). And it was promised that God would never wash earth again with a flood of waters of his wrath. This covenant was not based on the works of Noah. It was given to Noah and his children because of sweet-smelling sacrifice which he offered.
God had taken the earth from Adam to whom dominion of earth was given (Gen 1:28), because the covenant was based on works of Adam. However, the covenant and dominion to Noah were given (Gen 9:2) not based on any condition. As Adam was asked to refrain from the forbidden tree, Noah wasn’t asked to fulfil any requirement to maintain earth from being washed again. As Adam consumed the forbidden fruit and became naked, so did Noah consume wine and became naked, but God did not wash the earth with his fury in case of Noah. Apostle Paul says, “What if some Israelites were unfaithful? Does their faithlessness nullify the faithfulness of God (Rom 3:3),” to show that God’s gift of eternal life (to Abraham’s children) is not dependent on our works, like in previous covenant with Moses and Israel. Eternal life, he says, is given to us as free gift because of the sweet-smelling sacrifice of Jesus on the cross (Eph 5:2, Rom 6:23). We are not required to work for it (Rom 4:5), unlike Adam. Adam was supposed to work out his dominion on earth. God asked him to subdue the earth and have dominion (Gen 1:28). He failed and the earth was washed away. However, to Noah it was said, into thy hands they are delivered (Gen 9:2). I will not destroy the earth again with waters.
Noah and drinking of the vine – Christ superior that all his types
We have seen that Noah was a type of Christ. We have also seen that Adam was a type of Christ. Now notice the similarities between the two figures who were a type of Christ.
|Adam was kept on earth which came out of water – Gen 1:9||Noah was kept on earth which came out of floodwaters|
|Adam’s was kind of farmer or garden keeper – Gen 2:15||Noah became husbandman – Gen 9:20|
|Product of garden (tree of knowledge of good and evil) made Adam naked – Gen 3:7||Product of garden (wine) made Noah naked (Gen 9:21)|
|Adam’s sin brought a curse on his children||Noah’s drunkenness brought a curse on his children (Gen 9:25)|
|From him came humanity when the world began||From him came humanity when NEW WORLD began|
|God blessed Adam – be fruitful & multiply and replenish the earth (Gen 1:28)||God blessed Noah – be fruitful & multiply and replenish the earth (Gen 9:1)|
However, both Noah and Adam failed. Bible without fail mentions faults of its heroes. The reason is to teach us that Christ is superior, excellent than all his types and prefigures.
See, for example, Abel. We have shown you that Abel was a type of Christ. And the writer of Hebrews mentions that though Abel was murdered by his own brother like Christ, yet Christ is superior because his blood speaks better things than that of Abel. Though the bible has presented innumerable characters like Adam and Noah as type and shadows of Christ, all over its pages, yet it asserts that Christ is greater than all. Hence Jesus often said, – here is one greater than Solomon or here is one greater than Jonah or here is one greater than the temple.
And if you can observe, – this is how the writer of Hebrews also writes his epistles – proving Christ better than Moses (Heb 3:5-6, 4), Aaron (Heb 5:4); his ministry as more excellent than of Levites (Heb 7); his covenant which he established as better than old covenant (Heb 8); Jesus as temple sacrifice as better than old tabernacle sacrifice (Heb 10) and so on. So, the main point of the bible in mentioning the faults of its heroes (drunkenness and nakedness of Noah in the present case) is to assert the supremacy of Christ and depravity of man. Man must repent and surrender and God must become head, wisdom and king. He must increase and we must decrease (John 3:30).