Until now we meditated on events before the flood. In this part, we will meditate on Noah and post-flood events. We will see Noah as a prefigure type of Jesus Christ. Previously we had seen Adam as a type of Christ, and also Abel as a type of Christ. Our entire series (spread across many parts), will be showcasing this kind of Christ-centric typology extensively. Few of you, therefore, might wonder whether we are coercing this typology on scriptures or whether typology is part-n-parcel of scriptures design. So let me begin this part, by showing from scriptures itself, that typology style of studying scripture was practised by Christ and his original apostles. Here is a small list.
- Jesus compares himself as a type of Jonah (as Jonah was …so shall the son of man be – Matt 12:40)
- Jesus compares ‘audience of Jonah’ as better than his own audience (Matt 12:41)
- Jesus compares himself and his audience with Solomon and Sheba (here is one greater than Solomon…. Matt 12:42)
- Jesus compares himself with Temple (here is one greater than Temple – Matt 12:6)
- Jesus compares days of Noah, with his return ( as in days of Noah so shall be – Matt 24:37-38)
- Jesus compares days of Lot, with his return (…as it was in days of Lot….even thus Lk. 17:28,30)
- Jesus compares himself with the brazen serpent which Moses lifted up (as Moses ……. so shall the Son of man be…..John 3:14-15)
- Paul compares Adam as a type of Jesus (Adam was a figure of him, Rom 5:14, I Cor 15:45)
- Paul compared the marriage of Adam and Eve as a type of union of Jesus with the church ( Eph 5:31-32)
- Paul compares Abel’s murder with the killing of Jesus (Heb 12:24)
- Paul compares ministry of Levites with the heavenly ministry of Jesus (Who serve [high priest] as the shadow of heavenly things…but now hath HE (Jesus) obtained excellent ministry …. –Heb 8:5-6)
- Paul compares Abraham’s two sons as an allegory of the old and new covenant (…..which things are allegoric….. –Gal 4:22-26)
- Peter compares flood of Noah with Baptism (the like figure whereunto baptism…… I Pet. 3:20)
- People who saw Jesus on earth compared Jesus with Elijah, Jeremiah, and John the Baptist (And disciple said, some say thou are John, some Elias, some Jeremiah…… – Mat 16:14)
So typology was the very fabric of preaching of Jesus and his apostles. Jesus used the phrase “as it was …so it shall be,” extensively; while Paul used the word “prefigure”, “allegory”, “shadow” etc; Peter used the word “like figure.” Every biblical author has used his own language and term to compare Old Testament passage. We will use tables for reading Christ and events related to the Gospel in stories of the bible. Having established this, it’s time to move on the place where we left in the previous part of this series. In this part, we will see the story of Noah. We will meditate on the story of Noah in the following parts
- Character – Noah
- Making of Ark
- Gospel preached to Antediluvian world
Noah as a type of Jesus
See the table below. Observe how Noah’s life was a prophecy of one who is to come.
|Rest Giver||Name Noah means “rest” or rest giver (Gen 5:29)||Jesus gives us rest (I will give you rest –Mat 11:28)|
|Favour in the sight of God||Found grace in the eyes of the Lord (Gen 6:8).||Found favour in eyes of God and man (Lk 2:52)|
|Prepared a place||Prepared rooms in the ark||In my father house are many rooms (mansions). I Go and prepare a place for you (John 14:2)|
|Preservation||Not only humans but animal birds were also preserved from being destroyed||The whole creation groans waiting for redemption (Rom 8:22)|
|Food provider||Noah was food-provider for all (Gen 6:21)||Christ the Bread of Heaven, manna for our souls who removes all hunger.(John 6:35)|
|Sacrifice||Noah built an altar unto the Lord; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar (Gen. 8:20).||Christ offered himself a sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling savour (Eph 5:2)|
|Source of blessings||Because of Noah God blessed his sons (Gen. 9:1)||Because of Jesus, we are blessed (Eph. 1:3).|
|Covenant||God said, “..behold, I establish My covenant with you, …” (Gen. 9:8, 9). — “an everlasting covenant” (Gen. 9:16)||Through the blood of Jesus as the everlasting covenant is established (Heb. 13:20).|
|Dominion/Kingship||To him was given dominion on earth.
Genesis 9:2– “And the fear of you …shall be upon every beast of the earth….into your hand are they delivered.”
|To Jesus was given dominion over everything.
*Mark 1:13 – was with the wild beasts.
*For thou made Him to have dominion over the works of Thy hands; Thou hast put all things under His feet (compare Heb. 2:8)
Making of ARK
Ark as a type of righteousness of Jesus to protect from the wrath of God
God asked Noah to cover the boat from inside and outside (Gen 6:14). This pitching of wooden ark with pitching material prevented water from seeping inside the boat. In Leviticus 17:11 similar word “pitch (kaphar)” is translated as atonement. The implication is obvious that only those who are in Christ shall be saved from deluge of the wrath of God. Seeing the blood the angel did not destroy them who had applied the blood upon doorposts (Ex 12:13). So seeing the Christ, in whom we hide or seeing Christ who covers us, God will not execute his wrath on us.
Gospel preached to the antediluvian world
Peter says God waited patiently with longsuffering for the world to repent (I Peter 3:20). How would they repent if knowledge of the gospel was not known to them? See the graph below.
We observe that Adam lived 930 years long enough to tell everyone the story of the garden of Eden, serpent’s deception, curse-sin, the promise of a redeemer (Gen 3:15), God’s remedy of clothing nakedness of man by sacrifice of the lamb, Abel’s sacrifice and murder by his own brethren. Almost the entire gospel is covered in Adam’s knowledge. From figure 1 above, we can conclude that Noah’s father Lamech, probably attended the funeral of Adam; because Lamech was around 56 years old when Adam died, and he was a super-duper grandchild of Adam. So Adam was well kept alive to preach to the world the firsthand report of exact truth. Did Adam actually communicate truths or not or are we making imaginative stories, is evident from words of Lamech who says “because of the ground which God cursed (Gen 5:29).” These words imply that Adam’s knowledge well reached unto father of Noah. It was by this knowledge, that Noah also sacrificed a sweet-smelling sacrifice to God after the deluge was over (Gen 9). It was by this knowledge Abel sacrificed a lamb just at the beginning of the world. It was this godly knowledge which made Enoch walk with God for 300 years. Godly Enoch, named his son Methuselah, which meant – “When he is dead, it (flood) shall be sent.” Enoch was sort of preaching that when his son Methuselah would die, the flood will be sent and earth will be destroyed. Jude confirms this saying, “Enoch also, seventh from Adam prophesied saying Behold Lord cometh …to execute judgment upon all…….. (Jude 1:14-15).” Noah himself preached (2 Pet 2:5). So there is ample evidence and hint that entire gospel truth (Eden, Sin, Satan, Sacrificial remedy, Judgment) was well communicated to every generation before the flood.
To be Continued….